The foundation of a castle-town on a steep hill of Katakefalos dates back to the 6th century AD. During the Venetian rule, a thriving town was developed here, in which 100 churches operated, as it is said. Today only Aghia Eleousa (or “Keraleousa”) survives as well as a part of the fortifications. Local legends connect the castle of Katakefalos with the castle of Oria, of the namesake acritan saga. For sure, it was destroyed by the Turks in 1570 and has never been re-inhabited since.
The hike up to the castle’s entrance starts 3.5 km north of Loutra settlement, through a dirt road that shortly after gives way to the trail.